EBS isn’t a standalone storage service like Amazon S3 thus you’ll use it solely together with Amazon EC2, a cloud computing service by AWS. Amazon EbS is intended to store information in volumes of a provisioned size connected to associate degree Amazon EC2 instance, the same as a neighborhood Winchester drive on your physical machine Read more


Intro in AWS – virtual private networks

Intro in AWS – virtual private networks

What could be a VPC? A VPC (virtual non-public cloud) is a virtual information center within the cloud. you’ve got complete management over your virtual networking surroundings, as well as the choice of your own non-public informatics address,  very, creation of subnets and configuration of route tables and network gateways. A good thing about VPC is that it helps in aspects of cloud computing like privacy, security and preventing loss of proprietary information. Read more


Hosting a static website on aws s3 

Amazon internet Services provides a 12-month free trial with a precise usage threshold. Let’s jump into it and see what we are able to do with it. The AWS Management Console provides completely different guides to induce started. I started with a straightforward static web site.

1. created a user management
Firstly produce associate AWS account — simply follow the directions on their homepage.

Next created associate “Identity and Access Management” (IAM) to form access keys and not being forced to use your own account credentials. Use the IAM console to feature a brand new user and a brand new cluster.

Tip: once work in with the new user, take care to use the positive identification from your main account and not the set “console positive identification” — since it isn’t touching on your AWS Management Console password. Read more

AWS CloudFormation could be a service that helps you model and created your Amazon internet Services resources in order that you’ll pay less time managing those resources and longer specializing in your applications that run in AWS. You produce a templet that describes all the AWS resources that you just wish (like Amazon EC2 instances or Amazon RDS dB instances), and AWS CloudFormation takes care of provisioning and configuring those resources for you. you do not get to on individual basis produce and tack AWS resources and discover what is obsessed on what; AWS CloudFormation handles all of that. the subsequent eventualities demonstrate however AWS CloudFormation will facilitate.
Read more

cloud formation cloud formation





Getting started with AWS Relational Database service RDS

amazon rds 
amazon rds

we shall be discussing in details about  Amazon’s electronic database Management service RDS AWS and shall conjointly do an active, however, 1st allow us to perceive why it came into existence.

The world is ever-changing, with each plan being regenerate into the associated application, uncountable new applications go browsing a day. currently, for any application or project to achieve success, it ought to have a novel plan behind it. Read more

VPC Subnet

Now, this was simply associate example. For larger firms wherever you’ve got a much bigger team, that manages your info servers; victimization RDS, that team may be reduced to a big range and maybe be optimally deployed!

Let’s move any during this RDS AWS Tutorial and see however Amazon defines their service:

The Amazon electronic database Service (RDS AWS) could be a new service that creates it easier to line up, operate, and scale an electronic database within the cloud. It provides efficient, re-sizable capability in associate industry-standard {relational info|electronic database|on-line database|computer database|electronic information service} and manages common database administration tasks.

So folks usually develop a thought, once they confuse RDS with info.

RDS isn’t info, it’s a service that manages databases, having same that, let’s discuss the databases that RDS will manage as of now:

amazon-aurora - it-solutions-providerIt is an electronic information service engine created by Amazon which mixes the speed and dependability of high-end industrial databases with the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of open supply databases. Amazon claims that Aurora is 5x quicker than RDS MySQL.

mysql-logo - aws rds tutorial - EdurekaIt is associate open supply management system that uses SQL (Structured question Language) to access the info keep in its system.

postgresql-logo - rds aws tutorial - edurekaPostgreSQL is one more open supply management system that uses SQL to access the info.

sql-server - rds aws tutorial - edurekaSQL Server could be an electronic information service Management System, that was developed by Microsoft in 2005 for the enterprise surroundings.

oracle - rds aws tutorial - edurekaIt is an associate object-relational management system that was developed by Oracle Iraqi National Congress.

mariadb - rds aws tutorial - edurekaMariaDB could be a community-developed fork of MySQL database management system. the explanation for its fork was the priority over the acquisition of Oracle over MySQL

Fork means that repeating the ASCII text file of the first application and beginning development over the new application.

The attention-grabbing half is sound unit engines that RDS support ar existing relative Databases so, you don’t have to be compelled to modify the code of your application or learn a replacement querying language for victimization RDS in your already existing application.

Now you’ll be curious what’s the distinction between, say a traditional MySQL and a MySQL that is managed by RDS.

Therefore, in terms of usage you may be victimization it as if, you were victimization your own info,  but now, you as a developer won’t be troubled concerning the underlying infrastructure or the administration of the info. The updation, the health observation of the system on that your SQL is put in, taking regular backups, etc., of these tasks, are going to be managed by RDS AWS.

AWS additionally offers EC2 electronic information service AMIs, currently, you’ll raise why an additional electronic information service after we have already got AWS RDS?

So, EC2 electronic information service AMIs permit you to totally manage your own relative databases on AWS Infrastructure, whereas RDS manages them for you. So, counting on your use case you’ll select associate AWS service. Hope, it’s clear to you now!

RDS AWS Components:
DB Instances
Regions and accessibility Zones
Security teams
DB Parameter teams
DB choice teams
Let’s discuss all of them in detail:

DB Instances

They are the building blocks of RDS. it’s associate degree isolated information set within the cloud, which might contain multiple user-created informations and may be accessed victimization constant tools and applications that one uses with a complete database instance.
A decibel Instance will be created victimization the AWS Management Console, the Amazon RDS API, or the AWS Command-line Interface.
The computation and memory capability of a decibel Instance depends on the decibel Instance category. for every decibel Instance, you’ll be able to choose from 5GB to 6TB of associated storage capability.
The decibel Instances ar of the subsequent types:
Standard Instances (m4,m3)
Memory Optimised (r3)
Micro Instances (t2)

Regions and accessibility Zones

The AWS resources are housed in extremely offered knowledge centers, that are placed in numerous areas of the planet. This “area” is termed a vicinity.
Each region has multiple accessibility Zones (AZ), {they are|they’re} distinct locations that are designed to be isolated from the failure of alternative AZs.
You can deploy your decibel Instance in multiple AZ, this ensures a failover i.e. just in case one AZ goes down, there’s a second to modify over to. The failover instance is termed a standby, and also the original instance is termed the first instance.

Security teams

A security cluster controls the access to a decibel Instance. It will thus by specifying a variety of informatics addresses or the EC2 instances that you just wish to present access.
Amazon RDS uses three varieties of Security Groups:
VPC Security cluster
It controls the decibel Instance that’s within a VPC.
EC2 Security cluster
It controls access to associate degree EC2 Instance and may be used with a decibel Instance.
DB Security cluster
It controls the decibel Instance that’s not in a very VPC.

DB Parameter teams

It contains the engine configuration values that may be applied to 1 or additional decibel Instances of constant instance sort.
If you don’t apply a decibel Parameter cluster to your instance, you’re appointed a default Parameter cluster that has the default values.

DB choice teams

Some decibel engines provide tools that modify managing your databases.
RDS makes these tools offered with the utilization of choice teams.

RDS AWS Advantages:

Let’s cite some fascinating blessings that you just get once you are victimization RDS AWS,

So sometimes once you cite information services, the CPU, memory, storage, IOs is bundled along, i.e. you can’t management them one by one, however, with AWS RDS, each of those parameters will be tweaked one by one.
Like we have a tendency to mentioned earlier, it manages your servers, updates them to the most recent computer code configuration, takes a backup, everything mechanically.
The backups will be taken in 2 ways that
The automatic backups whereby you set a time for your backup to be done.
DB Snapshots, whereby you manually take a backup of your decibel, you’ll be able to take snapshots as ofttimes as you wish.
It mechanically creates a secondary instance for failover, so provides high accessibility.
RDS AWS supports scan replicas i.e. snapshots are created from a supply decibel and everyone the scan traffic to the supply information is distributed among the scan replicas, this reduces the general overhead on the supply decibel.
 RDS AWS will be integrated with IAM, for giving customers access to your users UN agency is going to be functioning on that information.
The updates to your information in RDS AWS are applied in a very maintenance window. This maintenance window is outlined throughout the creation of your decibel Instance, the means it functions is like this:

When associate degree update is on the market for your decibel you get a notification in your RDS Console you’ll be able to take one among the subsequent actions
Defer the upkeep things.
Apply maintenance things at once.
Schedule time for those maintenance things.
Once maintenance starts, your instance should be taken offline for change it, if your instance is running in Multi-AZ, in this case, the standby instance is updated initial, it’s then promoted to be a primary instance, and also the primary instance is then taken offline for change, this fashion your application doesn’t expertise a period of time.
If you wish to scale your decibel instance, the changes that create to your decibel instance conjointly happen throughout the upkeep window, you’ll be able to conjointly apply them at once, then again your application can expertise period of time if it’s in a very Single-AZ.

IAM Integration
IAM Integration

EC2 Auto Scaling


In the traditional IT world, there’s a restricted range of servers to handle the applying load. once the number of requests will increase the load on the servers additionally will increase, that causes latency and failures.

Amazon internet service provides Amazon EC2 auto Scaling services to beat this failure. auto Scaling ensures that Amazon EC2 instances area unit ample to run your application. you’ll be able to produce AN auto-scaling cluster that contains a set of EC2 instances. you’ll be able to specify a minimum range of EC2 instance in this cluster and auto-scaling can maintain and make sure the minimum range of EC2 instances. you’ll be able to additionally specify the most range of EC2 instances in every autoscaling cluster in order that auto-scaling can guarantee instances ne’er transcend that most limit.

Auto Scaling Group
Auto-scaling group
create auto-scaling group
create auto-scaling group

You can additionally specify desired capability and auto-scaling policies for the Amazon EC2 auto-scaling. By victimization the scaling policy, auto-scaling will launch or terminate the EC2 instances looking on the demand.

Auto Scaling parts
Groups area unit the logical teams that contain the gathering of EC2 instances with similar characteristics for scaling and management purpose. victimization the auto scaling teams you’ll be able to increase the number of instances to boost your application performance and additionally you’ll be able to decrease the number of instances looking on the load to scale back your value. The auto-scaling cluster additionally maintains a fixed range of instances albeit an instance becomes unhealthy.

To meet the specified capability the autoscaling cluster launches enough range of EC2 instances, and additionally, car scaling cluster maintains these EC2 instances by performing arts a periodic medical exam on the instances within the cluster. If any instance becomes unhealthy, the auto-scaling cluster terminates the unhealthy instance and launches another instance to exchange it. victimization scaling policies you’ll be able to increase or decrease the amount of running EC2 instances within the cluster mechanically to satisfy the dynamic conditions.

2. Launch Configuration

The launch configuration may be an example utilized by the car scaling cluster to launch EC2 instances. you’ll be able to specify the Amazon Machine Image (AMI), instances kind, key pair, and security teams etc.. whereas making the launch configuration. you’ll be able to additionally modify the launch configuration once creation. The launch configuration is used for multiple auto-scaling teams.

3. Scaling Plans

Scaling plans tells auto Scaling once and the way to scale. Amazon EC2 auto-scaling provides many ways in which for you to scale the autoscaling cluster.

Maintaining Current instance level in any respect time:- you’ll put together and maintain a nominal range of running instances in any respect the time within the motorcar scaling cluster. to realize this Amazon EC2 motorcar-scaling performs a periodic medical examination on running EC2 instances inside an auto-scaling cluster. If any unhealthy instance happens, auto-scaling terminates that instance and launches new instances to exchange it.

Manual Scaling:- In Manual scaling, you specify solely the changes in most, minimum, or desired capability of your motorcar scaling teams. Auto-scaling maintains the instances with updated capability.

Scale supported Schedule:- In some cases, you recognize precisely once your application traffic becomes high. as an example on the time of restricted provide or some specific day in peak loads, in such cases, you’ll scale your application supported regular scaling. you’ll produce a regular action that tells Amazon EC2 auto-scaling to perform the scaling action supported the particular time.

Scale supported demand:- this is often the foremost advanced scaling model, resources scales by employing a scaling policy. supported specific parameters you’ll scale in or scale out your resources. you’ll produce a policy by the process the parameter like central processor utilization, Memory, Network In, and Out etc. as an example, you’ll dynamically scale your EC2 instances that exceeds the central processor utilization on the far side seventieth. If central processor utilization crosses this threshold price, the motorcar scaling launches new instances mistreatment the launch configuration. you ought to specify 2 scaling policies, one for scaling In (terminating instances) and one for scaling out (launching instances).

Types of Scaling policies:-

Target tracking scaling:- supported the target price for a selected metric, Increase or decrease the present capability of the motorcar scaling group.
Step scaling:- supported a collection of scaling changes, increase or decrease the present capability of the group that varies supported the scale of the alarm breach.
Simple scaling:- Increase or decrease the present capability of the group supported one scaling adjustment.
As a pre-requisite, you would like to make Associate in Nursing AMI of your application that is running on your EC2 instance.

Go to EC2 console and click on Launch Configuration from auto Scaling

2. From select AMI, choose the Amazon Machine Image from My AMIs tab, that was wont to produce the image for your net application.

3. Then, choose the instance’s sort that is appropriate for your net application and click on Next: piece details.

4. On piece details, name the launch configuration, you’ll assign if any specific IAM role is appointed for your net application, and conjointly you’ll change the elaborated observation.

5. After that, Add the storage and Security teams then opt for a review.
Note: Open the specified ports for your application to run.

6. Click on produce launch configuration and select the prevailing key pair or produce a replacement key pair

Setup: Auto Scaling Group:
From EC2 console click on motor vehicle Scaling cluster that is below the launch configuration. Then click on produce auto scaling group.
From motor vehicle scaling group page, you’ll produce either victimization launch configuration or Launch example. Here I actually have created victimization Launch Configuration. you’ll produce a replacement Launch Configuration from this page conjointly. Since you had already created the launch configuration, you’ll opt for making auto scaling group by using “Use an existing launch configuration”.
3. when clicking on next step, you’ll piece group name, group initial size, and VPC and subnets. Also, you’ll piece load balance with the auto-scaling cluster by clicking Advanced Details.
After that click on next to piece scaling policies

4. On the scaling policy page, you’ll specify the minimum and the most variety of instance during this group. Here you’ll use target trailing policy to piece the scaling policies. In metric sort, you’ll specify like central processor utilization and Network In or Out and conjointly you’ll offer the target price further. looking at the target price the scaling policy can work. you’ll conjointly disable scale-in from here.

It works supported alarm, so first, produce the alarm by clicking on ‘add new alarm’.

Here the alarm created relies on central processor utilization higher than sixty-fifth. If central processor utilization crosses sixty-fifth the motor vehicle scaling launches new instances supported the step action.

You can specify additional step actions supported your load, however, in easy policy, you can’t reason looking on the share of central processor utilization. Also, you would like to piece scale-in policies once the traffic becomes low, because it reduces the asking.

5. Next click on ‘Next: piece Notification’ to urge the notification supported launch, terminate, and fail etc. to your mail ID, and enter the tag and click on ‘Create auto scaling group’.

Note: you would like to make an Elastic Load balancer on prime of an auto scaling group


7 reasons to migrate your enterprise IT system to the cloud

7 reasons to migrate your business to a cloud
7 reasons to migrate your business to a cloud

The world is dynamic at a speedy speed once it involves technology and innovation. each business desires to stay up the pace by performing, growing and maximizing the ROI from its investments. additionally, providing wonderful client expertise and meeting their desires is crucial for businesses to remain within the competition. to attain these objectives, businesses are viewing cloud computing.

Cloud isn’t a brand new thing currently. it’s all over. whether or not you’re checking your bank balance on your phone or shooting associate degree email to your colleague on your commute, you’re looking forward to a cloud.

According to Forbes, by 2018, a minimum of 1/2 IT outlay is going to be Cloud-based, reaching hour of all IT infrastructure, and 60–70% of all software system, Services, and Technology outlay by 2020. Why are several|numerous|such a big amount of|such a large amount of|such a lot of} businesses migrating to the cloud? as a result of taking your business on the cloud has many blessings that are simply unrealizable with the on-premise software system. Few of the advantages of migrating to the cloud include:

1. price Savings

Cutting down on the prices is critical for any business. Migrating to cloud computing cuts out the excessive price of hardware. It offers a subscription-based model which implies you simply procure the services you utilize with the choice of scalability. Also, the simplicity of setup and management takes away your worries. Moving to the cloud provides an entire transformation to your business.

2. Security

There’s continually a concern of losing your knowledge in a way. you would possibly simply lose your laptop computer with the business files and knowledge at the landing field however worry not once you have cloud computing on your facet. With cloud computing migration, all of your knowledge is keep within the cloud. you have got access to the info from anyplace and you’ll even remotely wipe the info from the lost or taken laptops.

3. Mobility

The ability to figure remotely has become the requirement of the hour as the world goes mobile-centric. Migrating to cloud permits your workers to access business knowledge and files from anyplace, anytime and from any device if it’s access to the web. This will increase potency and productivity of your staff with accessorial convenience.

4. scalability

Businesses keep it up ever-changing and therefore their desires. This makes the cloud’s ability to scale your resources up or down supported fluctuation in business size and desires an enormous plus. because the model is pay-as-you-go based mostly, you’ll ne’er be paying for resources you don’t utilize. once you use servers for hosting, it becomes tough to scale because it is each tedious and expensive.

5. Integration

Cloud computing provides one platform for accessing, writing and sharing documents anytime, from anyplace. Your workers are going to be able to do additional along, and bang higher.  With the accessibility of all the applications, software, processes, and knowledge on one platform, you get full visibility of your collaborations.

6. Disaster Recovery

Businesses have piles of information – each on-line and offline. Having a backup isn’t solely better however necessary. The cloud offers disaster recovery so the tragedy of losing your knowledge will be avoided. whereas businesses are understanding the importance of disaster recovery and website backup, little businesses face the dearth of finances and experience for these processes. Cloud computing will facilitate even little organizations to save lots of time, avoid giant investment and use third-party information as a part of the deal.

7. Easier updates and patches 

Maintaining and keep the software system updated is one among the foremost difficult tasks for the IT department. This takes a lot of-of their time and efforts. Migrating to cloud services suggests that the servers square measure off-premise and on a cloud. This removes the effort of software system maintenance as a result of the service supplier takes care of them for you and roll out regular software system updates.

Not affected by the cloud yet?
Allow cloud computing to form your business trip additional economical and efficient whereas keeping pace with technology. it’s everything to supply for your business-from security to measurability to integration and quality.

From ERP and CRM to Business Intelligence and Field Service, we’ve got all the solutions cloud-based. does one suppose your business desires these benefits? Contact  AltF9 Technology Solutions nowadays for a FREE demo of any of our solutions. we have a tendency to are here to assist with our Cloud Solutions!

 AWS GuardDuty Threat Detection Service
Amazon guard duty
Amazon guard duty

Amazon guard-duty could be a managed service that will threat detection showing the intelligence to safeguard the AWS accounts and workloads. It ceaselessly monitors for malicious or unwanted activities sort of a port scan, unauthorized penetration takes a look at etc. guard duty detects surprising behavior within the AWS atmosphere and generates notifications referred to as Findings that details the underlying security issue. AWS GuardDuty collects its inputs from 3 log streams. VPC Flow Logs, DNS logs, and CloudTrail events. Also, It will associate one AWS account with another account in order that you’ll be able to read and manage their guard duty Findings on their behalf.

About the Experiment

I have added my laptop’s public informatics address to the AWS GuardDuty’s Threat list. Then I attempted to access AWS console associate degreed did an SSH to at least one of the EC2 instances of the AWS account, assumptive that guard duty will discover it. And it did it on behalf of me !!!


Create a file associate degreed add the “attacker” informatics address ( you’ll be able to add multiple informatics addresses/CIDRs in every line) and transfer to an S3 Bucket. I actually have used file1.txt and uploaded to a bucket only-50, thereby uniform resource locator of the file s3://tly-50/file1.txt. ( I actually have hidden 1st 2 octets of the informatics address, however, you’ve got to put in writing in full)
2) Enable AWS guard duty by following screenshots below

3) In the guard duty console click “Lists” and then “Add a threat list” like below

4) Create the threat list like below and add List Name, Location, and Format.

5) Make sure that List is activated. Now you are ready for testing

Testing the Setup

6) Login to AWS web Console from your the system whose IP address was listed within the threat list. Then you are trying to try to SSH to at least one of the EC2 instances within the AWS account. These are the 2 activities guard duty is predicted to notice.

7)After many minutes click the Findings. allow us to see the EC2 access Finding

8) Now let us see how the AWS web console access is detected by GuardDuty.


AWS guard duty can detect and report malicious activities in the AWS account and workload. This is a managed service which identifies and reports undesired activities to the administrator. We have configured guard duty for threat detection and tested how it works.

AWS serverless computing and its benefits


Develop applications without having to fret concerning the management of the underlying infrastructure – like servers and load balancers – independent of scale and usage. that’s the promise of “serverless computing”, the cloud trend of 2016 that follows the evolutions of the past decade: from physical hardware to virtualization, IaaS, and PaaS cloud services. With ‘serverless’, the main focus lies entirely with the development of functionalities and not with dependencies on the underlying infrastructure.

Serverless computing is predicated on the FaaS-concept: function as a Service. You develop a microservice (such as scaling a picture or the process of user data) and upload this to a cloud service, like AWS Lambda or Azure Functions. Together, the various services kind a logical entity.


A serverless architecture offers a variety of benefits. The architecture fits naturally inside endless delivery approach to implement changes quickly in elements of the appliance. Obviously, isolated functionalities are easier to adapt than after they are a part of a monolithic application code-base. in addition – if created properly – the functions will simply be reused in different applications or their elements.

In regards to prices for serverless: if the code isn’t referred to as you are doing not pay something. extra advantage: the prices become extremely such, per practicality, and so clear, providing new choices for charging finish users.

Consider the following: developing applications supported serverless computing demands information of useful programming, however additionally computer code engineers that are multilingual in many development languages. this might – briefly – be a barrier, however useful programming results ultimately in reusable, sturdier, and infrequently additional approachable code.

Another aspect: the relations between microservices have to be compelled to be documented or to be created approachable by different tools as a result of a coherent understanding will become progressively difficult with a larger variety of functions.

Lower prices

Will serverless so be the chalice for all applications to be developed within the future? No, positively not. Serverless suits event-driven architectures that are dynamic in nature, as they’ll be scaled in accordance with the usage. In things with extreme superior needs and/or a stable load, serverless is not the answer. However, for several applications serverless could be a nice difference with corresponding advantages: applications are easier and quicker to develop and might be exploited against – well – lower prices. The time to experiment and to organize for following innovate fashionable application development is currently.


How does AD DS differ from Microsoft Azure Active Directory?


How does AD DS differ from Microsoft Azure Active Directory?


Active Directory was introduced as a hierarchic authentication and authorization database system to interchange the file Domain system in use on NT4 and previous servers. The NT4 domain model in 2000 was straining at the seams to stay up with evolving company structures, hampered by some quite severe limitations – most of twenty six,000 objects in a very file “bucket”, solely five varieties of fixed objects whose structure (properties etc.) couldn’t be modified, most size of the information of 40Mb etc. NT4 Domains additionally primarily used NetBIOS (another file, Microsoft specific system) for its name resolution. For plenty of larger organizations, this necessitated multiple domain databases with terribly restricted and sophisticated interactions between those domains. Active Directory Directory Services (just referred to as Active Directory in those days) was free with Windows Server 2000 and was primarily based upon the X.500 hierarchic network customary that firms like Novel’s NDS and Banyan Vines were victimization at the time. AD additionally used DNS as its name resolution system and also the TCP/IP communication protocols in use on the web. It brought within the plan of a directory system that contained a “schema” information (the set of “rules” that outline the properties or attributes of objects created within the “domain” database) that can be added  to or “extended” to make either entirely new objects or new properties of existing objects. Size limitations were additionally thrown out the window, with Microsoft making directory systems within the billions of objects (given enough storage!) in their take a look at labs.

And Active Directory – or AD DS because it is currently referred to as – quickly became the defacto directory system still in use these days certain most organizations. however times they’re a-changing once more. AD DS was, and still is nice for managing the authentication and authorization functions for the users, their workstations and servers etc. at intervals a corporation, however, its reliance upon member computers for good joined to a site, and protocols like LDAP for directory querying, Kerberos for directory authentication and Server Message Block (SMB) for downloading cluster Policy information, don’t seem to be extremely appropriate for the trendy Internet-centric, BYOD, mobile form of work surroundings turning into a lot of and a lot of in style currently.

So enter Azure AD. affirmative Azure AD may be a version of directory services “in the cloud” – upon Azure to be precise! – however, it will have quite completely different capabilities and options compared to AD DS. Its main perform at the instant is to manage users and also the myriad of devices (Windows, Apple and Linux PC’s, tablets and smartphones etc.) that users square measure using in their work and social lives, significantly for “roaming” users and users on the web. however, it’s additionally serving to blur the excellence between “in-house” and “remote” or “roaming” users. Obviously, it’s the authentication and authorization mechanism for not solely Azure, workplace 365 and InTune, however, it’s capable of attachment in with numerous alternative third-party authentication or identity systems in addition.

Some of the most variations thus between AD DS and Azure AD are:

Azure AD is primarily AN identity answer, designed for Internet-based users and applications victimization HTTP and HTTPS communications.
It has gone back to a file structure,
It doesn’t use cluster Policy or cluster Policy Objects (GPO’s).
It can’t be queried with LDAP. Instead, it uses REST API over HTTP or HTTPS.
It doesn’t use Kerberos for authentication. Instead, it will use varied HTTP and HTTPS protocols like Security Assertion language (SAML), WS-Federation and OpenID Connect for authentication (and OAuth for authorization).
It includes United Services, that permits it to federate (i.e. kind a trust relationship) not solely with on-premise AD DS however additionally with alternative third-party services (such as Facebook) for authentication functions, giving users one sign-on capability across multiple systems.
Furthermore, Azure AD supports three kinds of authentication:

Cloud-based – wherever the users’ square measure managed altogether from Azure AD, and their devices and applications are managed via InTune or workplace 365 etc.
Directory Synchronisation – primarily a unidirectional synchronization from the on-premise AD DS up to Azure AD, victimization tools like AD Connect. ex gratia two-way synchronization of a really restricted variety of Azure AD properties (primarily arcanum sync) potential|is feasible} and two-way synchronization of Exchange attributes is additionally possible in a very Hybrid Exchange surroundings, but in each cases directory synchronisehronization and arcanum sync square measure simply keeping a pair of sets of freelance security credentials aligned.
SSO with AD FS – Single Sign-On with AD united Services suggests that the user is authenticating against AD FS rather than Azure AD. AD FS really authenticates the user against your on-premise AD DS, on the other hand, uses a claims-based delegated token to produce access to resources ruled by Azure AD while not requiring a neighborhood account in Azure, and clear to the user. united Services can even be extended to hide alternative third-party federation identity partners like the antecedently mentioned Facebook, Google, Yahoo and in fact, Microsoft Live accounts, in addition, because of the ability to feature your own identity supplier if necessary.
You will see that Azure AD can work closely with a variety of identity suppliers in addition as AD DS to greatly extend the management capabilities and practicality of your organizations directory services, thus come back on to 1 of the numerous Azure, SCCM/InTune and workplace 365 run here at altf9 technology solutions, and decide what extra capabilities Azure AD will provide you

AWS DynamoDB


AWS DynamoDB is additionally fitted to storing JSON documents and use as a storage for key-value pairs. Having multiple types of indexes also as multiple types of query potentialities makes it convenient to be used for various types of storage and query needs. However, it’s necessary to know that DynamoDB could be NoSQL info that is tough to be compared with a relational database, aspect by side. This conjointly makes it very tough for someone UN agency is coming back from a relational database background to design DynamoDB tables. thus it’s necessary to know many underlying principles in using DynamoDB. the subsequent list contains twelve principals I follow once planning DynamoDB tables and queries.

  1. Use GUID’s or distinctive Attributes, rather than progressive IDs.
  2. Don’t try and normalize your tables.
  3. Having duplicate attributes in multiple tables is okay as long as you’ve got enforced ways that to synchronize the changes.
  4. Keeping pre-computed information upon updates is economical with DynamoDB if you wish to query them typically.
  5. Don’t try and keep several relationships across tables. this can find yourself eager to query multiple tables to retrieve the specified attributes.
  6. Embrace ultimate consistency.
  7. Design your transactions work with conditional writes.
  8. Design your tables, attributes, and indexes thinking of the character of queries.
  9. Use DynamoDB triggers and streams to propagate changes and design event-driven information flows.
  10. Think about item sizes and mistreatment indexes effectively once listing things to reduce outturn needs.
  11. Think about the expansion of attribute information, to style whether or not to store them as a nested object or use a special table for it.
  12. Avoid mistreatment DynamoDB Scan operation whenever attainable.
Direct Access from RESTful API
Event-Driven Updates
DynamoDB can also be updated, supported events apart from Direct Access from reposeful API. for instance, DynamoDB is wont to store data of files uploaded to Amazon S3. victimization S3 transfer Trigger, Lambda operate is invoked upon file transfer that is in a position to update the DynamoDB table. the same approach is wont to perform DynamoDB updates in response to  Amazon SNS.
Data Synchronization Between Microservices
If there are same attributes stored in multiple Microservices DynamoDB tables, you can use Amazon Simple Notification Service (SNS) Topics. victimization Amazon SNS it’s possible to tell attribute changes from one service to a different without every one of them know one another.
For example, let’s say Service #1 Company Profile Table and repair #2 Company Statistics Table shared name attribute. If the corporate name is changed in commission #1 that modification must be propagated to Service #2 Company Statistics Table. Knowing these needs, it’s doable for Service #1 to publish the attribute modification victimization DynamoDB Streams and a Lambda operate to the SNS topic. once the modification happens the Lambda operate in commission #2 subscribed to the subject can update the company Statistics Table.
If you’re new AWS DynamoDB, it’s important to understand its capabilities and limitations before entering into the info style. it’s equally vital to own a correct outlook to style the information model victimization NoSQL principals and configuration patterns. this may embody unlearning a number of the ideas learned from relational database style. additionally, victimization DynamoDB is extremely difficult for a few use cases. If you’re troubled to consider a way to update multiple tables concurrently, querying multiple tables or limitations of indexes for your use case, there are hints to go back initial|the initial} call to use DynamoDB within the first place. However, AWS DynamoDB is an integral a part of the AWS Serverless Technology Stack that still remains because of the leading Serverless NoSQL info in AWS.

Why is a firewall important and What might happen if I don’t have a firewall?


Why is a firewall important for my business?
Not several businesses would operate without locks, alarms and CCTV cameras protective their premises from intrusion and theft. however protective your computer systems is equally important, to stop important business operations being disrupted, or even worse, your private data or belongings from being taken.

Security measures square measure under the spotlight with the upcoming GDPR changes taking effect in might. you wish to be ready to prove that you’ve taken reasonable steps to shield your client information within the event of a breach. And a firewall is that the cornerstone of any network security strategy.


Ok, however, what’s a firewall?
Think of a firewall as an electronic equivalent of the safety guard at your front gate. Firewalls examine the data that passes in and out of your business network to make sure that every one traffic is legitimate. A properly organized firewall can enable your workers to access all the resources they have while keeping out malicious users or programs.

What might happen if I don’t have a firewall?
Any business network or individual device that’s connected to the web, or any external network, is in danger of an attack. And an attack will take several forms, looking on what’s motivating the offender and the way skilled there. For example:

Some malicious package, or malware, is intended to divert some of your hardware and information measure for its own wicked functions, like hosting pirated package or erotica.
Some programs may delete business-critical information or maybe bring down your network entirely, leading to lost revenue and inflicting immeasurable injury to your name.
Cyber-criminals may gain access to your network and charge purchases to your company Mastercard, or take cash from your accounts.
These risks mean that firewall protection should be a part of your overall arrange for security. the great news is that we are able to assist you with all aspects of firewall security, whether or not you only got to get hardware, or you’re trying to find somebody to put in and deploy a firewall answer. we are able to even offer an entire managed answer for your firewall if needed.

You can find out more about firewalls on our security mini-site: https://www.altf9.tech

Which solutions would you recommend?
Here at BT, we tend to work with the world’s leading firewall vendors together with Check purpose, WatchGuard, Fortinet, and Palo Alto Networks, therefore your business is in safe hands.

Check purpose offers a next-generation, advanced firewall answer with practicality designed for businesses of all sizes. A Check purpose firewall can determine and management applications by a user and mechanically scan content to prevent threats before they’ll damage your business. You’ll be ready to offer secure access for all of your workers, even those that aren’t office-based. And it’s simple to manage.

WatchGuard offers an entire network security solution with their furnace appliance. you’ll choose between a giant vary of options to customize your firewall solution to your business needs, and having the furnace in situ won’t have an effect on your network speed either. You’ll get a live read of your network security at a look, making certain fast action once a threat is detected

 Today we’re launching a new feature for AWS Certificate Manager (ACM), Private Certificate Authority (CA). This new service allows ACM to act as a private subordinate CA. Previously, if a customer wanted to use private certificates, they needed specialized infrastructure and security expertise that could be expensive to maintain and operate. ACM Private CA builds on ACM’s existing certificate capabilities to help you easily and securely manage the lifecycle of your private certificates with pay as you go pricing. This enables developers to provision certificates in just a few simple API calls while administrators have a central CA management console and fine-grained access control through granular IAM policies. ACM Private CA keys are stored securely in AWS managed hardware security modules (HSMs) that adhere to FIPS 140-2 Level 3 security standards. ACM Private CA automatically maintains certificate revocation lists (CRLs) in Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) and lets administrators generate audit reports of certificate creation with the API or console. This service is packed full of features so let’s jump in and provision a CA.

Provisioning a Private Certificate Authority (CA)

First, I’ll navigate to the ACM console in my region and select the new Private CAs section in the sidebar. From there I’ll click Get Started to start the CA wizard. For now, I only have the option to provision a subordinate CA so we’ll select that and use my super secure desktop as the root CA and click Next. This isn’t what I would do in a production setting but it will work for testing out our private CA.
Now, I’ll configure the CA with some common details. The most important thing here is the Common Name which I’ll set as to secure. internal represent my internal domain.
Now I need to choose my key algorithm. You should choose the best algorithm for your needs but know that ACM has a limitation today that it can only manage certificates that chain up to RSA CAs. For now, I’ll go with RSA 2048 bit and click Next.
In this next screen, I’m able to configure my certificate revocation list (CRL). CRLs are essential for notifying clients in the case that a certificate has been compromised before certificate expiration. ACM will maintain the revocation list for me and I have the option of routing my S3 bucket to a custom domain. In this case, I’ll create a new S3 bucket to store my CRL in and click Next.
Finally, I’ll review all the details to make sure I didn’t make any typos and click Confirm and create.
A few seconds later and I’m greeted with a fancy screen saying I successfully provisioned a certificate authority. Hooray! I’m not done yet though. I still need to activate my CA by creating a certificate signing request (CSR) and signing that with my root CA. I’ll click Get started to begin that process.
Now I’ll copy the CSR or download it to a server or desktop that has access to my root CA (or potentially another subordinate – so long as it chains to a trusted root for my clients).
Now I can use a tool like to OpenSSL sign my cert and generate the certificate chain.
$openssl ca -config openssl_root.cnf -extensions v3_intermediate_ca -days 3650 -notext -md sha256 -in csr/CSR.pem -out certs/subordinate_cert.pem
Using configuration from openssl_root.cnf
Enter pass phrase for /Users/randhunt/dev/amzn/ca/private/root_private_key.pem:
Check that the request matches the signature
Signature ok
The Subject's Distinguished Name is as follows
stateOrProvinceName   :ASN.1 12:'Washington'
localityName          :ASN.1 12:'Seattle'
organizationName      :ASN.1 12:'Amazon'
organizationalUnitName:ASN.1 12:'Engineering'
commonName            :ASN.1 12:'secure.internal'
Certificate is to be certified until Mar 31 06:05:30 2028 GMT (3650 days)
Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y

1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y
Write out database with 1 new entries
Data Base Updated
After that, I’ll copy my subordinate_cert.pem and certificate chain back into the console. and click Next.
Finally, I’ll review all the information and click Confirm and import. I should see a screen like the one below that shows my CA has been activated successfully.
Now that I have a private CA we can provide private certificates by hopping back to the ACM console and creating a new certificate. After clicking create a new certificate I’ll select the radio button Request a private certificate then I’ll click Request a certificate.
From there it’s just similar to provisioning a normal certificate in ACM.
Now I have a private certificate that I can bind to my ELBs, CloudFront Distributions, API Gateways, and more. I can also export the certificate for use on embedded devices or outside of ACM managed environments.

AWS IAM securing your Infrastructure


The trend to move to the cloud seems to be unstoppable that raises additional and additional security concerns. AWS will be thought-about the leader within the market of cloud service suppliers. It offers quite a hundred completely different cloud services and it’s employed by over a million corporations. Given such a massive volume of business, it ought to return as no surprise that AWS has its dedicated service to assist developers to keep their cloud infrastructure more secure. This service is called IAM that stands for Identity and Access Management.

Although IAM makes cloud management more well-off, secure and fail-safe, there are still varied pitfalls to avoid.

Root account

The most dangerous entity in AWS is the root user. Why? If associate degree unauthorized person gains access thereto, they’re going to be able to do something within your account no matter any configurations. No ought to make a case for, it’s important to require care of it. you’ll be able to notice additional data concerning correct root key management in our previous article, yet as concerning alternative security topics in S3 and AWS generally. because it is discussed here, the most effective resolution is to utterly disable the usage of the basic account. However, if that’s inconceivable for a few reasons, enabling MFA can significantly mitigate threats. notwithstanding you decide on to use it, consciousness concerning your root credentials remains indispensable.

IAM policies

Okay, thus disabling the root account can grant me an increased level of security, but how should I manage the complete infrastructure while not it? Well, you must produce numerous IAM entities, like IAM users, with applicable privileges and use them. In AWS, IAM users will represent anyone interacting with AWS. victimization IAM policies, any variation of access rights will be appointed to them. These policies are straightforward JSON documents, containing all the mandatory details of permissions. Most permissions gift in AWS will be granted with these policies, there’s solely a handful that’s solely out there to the basic account. Here’s associate degree example IAM policy which will provide listing access to a bucket named ’example_bucket’ to the user it’ll be connected to:
  “Version”: “2012-10-17”,
  “Statement”: {
    “Effect”: “Allow”,
    “Action”: “s3:ListBucket”,
    “Resource”: “arn:aws:s3:::example_bucket”

The “Effect” field specifies if the action (specified within the “Action” field) is allowed or denied. The “Resource” field contains data concerning the resources that the access is granted (or denied). There are many different aspects to the structure and kind of these policies, however, these details are outside the scope of this text. Instead, let’s take a glance at some common best practices associated with them.

Managed policies 

Amazon offers a good kind of so-called AWS managed policies, that are created and managed by AWS. it’s counseled to use them whenever potential for various reasons. AWS can keep them up-to-date while not you having to see for brand spanking new options or changes in AWS. This not solely saves you tons of labor however additionally makes your cloud design safer, since failing to update your policies would possibly produce vulnerabilities. If you discover that no AWS managed policy is appropriate for your wants, you’ll be able to still make a choice from associate degree inline and a user managed policy. As a general rule, we have a tendency to advocate user managed policies, since they will be updated additional simply and are reusable, in contrast to inline policies.

IAM groups and roles
Collecting your IAM users into IAM teams and process roles are alternative best practices. the benefits of groups are terribly like managed policies: easier maintenance and ablated risk once changes happen. teams will be particularly handy after you can’t use AWS managed policies. IAM roles take issue from IAM users therein they’re not for good given to somebody, however, anyone will assume them on demand. victimization them will improve security as a result of once a job is assumed, solely temporary security credentials are provided, which is able to expire when a configured quantity has passed. Roles are useful for EC2 instances, as you’ll be able to assemble an instance to possess a job after you begin it, then the credentials provided by that role are accessible from that instance.

Fine-grained control
Whenever you would like to provide a right to an IAM entity, you must rigorously take into account what precisely it wants. instead of creating assumptions concerning what rights would possibly become needed within the future, it’s a way higher approach to start out with a minimum set of granted privileges, and incrementally extend it once a replacement demand seems. as an example, if an entity needs to compile a catalog concerning files stored in an S3 bucket, listing permission is enough, there’s no reason to supply something additional (reading, writing etc.) than that. this is often like the YAGNI programming principle.

In practice 

As has been delineated, there are many ways in which to authorize users in IAM. Let’s suppose you’re facing the choice that approach is that the best for a replacement IAM user. however, must you approach the problem? 1st, you would like to gather the rights as exactly as potential. Next, if the requested privileges match any of the AWS managed policies, you must use the latter one. If you’re in a very sizeable organization, there are probably to be existing IAM teams and/or user managed policies, that ar price watching in hopes of finding an identical set of rights. If neither of those technique yield results, you’ve got to form a replacement policy. Generally, a user managed policy is that the more sensible choice, the employment of inline policies ought to be restricted to strictly matched relationships. If additional users with similar privilege need are expected to look, you’ll be able to additionally produce a replacement cluster and place the new user in it. Whoever decides, however, the new user can get the privileges, is also tempted to use existing policies rather than writing a replacement policy. This is, of course, easier to try to, however, it’s not secure if additional privileges are appointed than required.


The best practices described here will well improve security in AWS. However, aside from following these pointers, general precaution and regular checks are vital to making sure most security. watching activity in your AWS account might reveal existing vulnerabilities. as an example, you will discover credentials that don’t seem to be (or hardly ever) used, and during this case, you must take into account removing them. AWS incorporates a comparatively easy-to-use internet console for management, however, to create the watching method even more well-off, you’ll be able to additionally use a third-party tool, like Threat Stack and CloudCheckr. These solutions will give nice help in managing and securing your cloud infrastructure. Hopefully, the recommendations are given here can sway be helpful, however, if you’re searching for one thing specific or simply need to be told additional concerning IAM, and its capabilities, you’ll be able to visit the official documentation giving an entire guide.

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Secret Things You Didn’t Know About MICROSOFT AZURE


What Is Microsoft Azure?

Microsoft Azure is a cloud-based computing platform that lets users entrust Microsoft with all their network and computing wants through its Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) model. It additionally enables them to scale resources to their existing infrastructure via a platform as a service (PaaS).

By making a platform wherever users build, deploy, and even manage applications from anyplace, anytime, Microsoft has created it attainable for employers and employees to conduct business while not constraints.

Whether you decide on to use Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) or platform as a service (PaaS), you’ve got reliable, secure access to your cloud-hosted knowledge. Azure may be a convenient, easy to manage platform that’s designed on Microsoft’s well-tried architecture. On high of that, Azure offers an ever-increasing array of products and services, which is wont to improve service delivery.

Great features of Microsoft Azure
While Microsoft Azure is outstanding, it’s not the best non-public cloud computing platform.

Here may be an outline of a number of the items Microsoft Azure will do.

Store data. Microsoft may be a world infrastructure which will give safe, extremely accessible storage for your knowledge. you’ll build secure, efficient storage set up that helps you store intermittently accessed knowledge at an inexpensive valuation structure and large measurability.
Visual studio team services. IT corporations and individual developers will take pleasure in the visual studio team services accessible on Azure as an add-on for application life cycle management (ALM). From everywhere the planet, developers will collaborate on Azure to deliver applications, perform load testing, also as share and track code changes. corporations building a service portfolio, massive or little, will take pleasure in visual studio team services.
Application services. With Azure, you’ll produce and deploy—on a world scale—applications that square measure compatible with all moveable and net platforms. You get to avoid wasting time and cash as a result of Azure permits users to possess prompt responses for his or her businesses’ ebb and flow. you’ll accelerate the event of applications with pre-built Apis like workplace 365 and Salesforce.
SQL databases. As a service, Microsoft Azure provides managed SQL relative databases saving a business from the necessity for in-house experience also as overhead and expenses from package and hardware. you’ll have any variety of databases, from one to unlimited.
Virtual machines. A cloud-based virtual machine will host your apps and services as if they were in your own knowledge center. With Microsoft Azure, you’ll use your own custom machine pictures or the huge choice of marketplace templates accessible to make a UNIX operating system or Microsoft virtual machine.
Having arrived in 2010, some would say that Microsoft Azure was late to the cloud computing party. however, over the years, Microsoft has improved the services and edges users and revel in from deploying Azure to nice levels. per the analysis firm Gartner, Microsoft Azure is that the leading cloud computing platform at the instant.

Clearly, Azure is large in terms of each infrastructure and use. Its capabilities extend on the far side straightforward knowledge storage, however, several businesses overlook that. For those considering to use Azure, below square measure four things to grasp concerning it.

Azure is Your Disaster Recovery answer
In 2017, the value of information breach was calculable to the common of $3.62 million. might|you’ll|you will} suppose that a technical school disaster may ne’er happen to you, however, you’d be wrong. With this state of the IT world, cyber breaches square measure threat to everybody and it’s solely prudent for a business to arm itself with a disaster recovery set up.

Nobody has the posh of ignoring the threats. you wish a data backup and disaster recovery theme, which may be dropped at you by the cloud.

Microsoft Azure provides a reliable disaster recovery choice for users trying to find a secure cloud backup for his or her knowledge. within the era of cloud computing, nobody will afford to overlook the importance of a cloud backup system. invariably be ready for the worst, no matter however stable or secure you’re thinking that your system is.

Security isn’t Azure’s Best point
A significant variety of cases of data loss are due to hacking tries. we tend to board an extremely digitized world, and knowledge security may be a massive concern. If confidential business info finally ends up within the wrong hands, there are loads that would fail. for example, a corporation might find yourself facing losses amounting to millions—if not billions—of greenbacks.

While the cloud encompasses a heap advanced recovery and knowledge backup choices, it lacks some deep security features. As a public, multi-tenant service, it’s way less secure than any dedicated non-public cloud or virtualized knowledge center. whereas you’ll take pleasure in constant access to your business crucial files, those with strict security needs ought to higher address Azure’s alternatives which offer safer choices.

While non-public clouds square measure still one in every of the foremost stable choices for such wants, actually secure clouds square measure rarity. For corporations that operate in regulated industries, Microsoft Azure cloud isn’t the most effective alternative.

You Can make Use of Advanced Analytic Capabilities
Big knowledge is the backbone of the foremost productive business these days. These massive sets of each structured and unstructured knowledge will give helpful business insights to assist you to improve service delivery and increase profits.

However, if you don’t have the required knowledge analytics tools, your business won’t take pleasure in massive knowledge.

Microsoft Azure provides safe, quick analytics from the cloud, significantly stream analytics. In Microsoft Azure, users will analyze knowledge on-demand and in the time period. you’ll use custom code for the stream; each situation you will wish to research.

These capabilities will give advanced business intelligence and might be a serious soul between Azure and alternative similar suppliers. Today, the market is full of a spread of cloud-based metal tools, however, Azure’s in-built analytics options square measure far and away the most effective thanks to building the most effective of your databases.

Microsoft Azure is that the trade leader once it involves cloud computing platforms. Through adherence to best practices—managing latency, caching static file assets employing a content delivery network, building a sturdy cloud service, etc.—any business concern stands to get pleasure from several edges from the reading of Microsoft Azure.

We are Protecting your business from human errors, terrorist activities, hardware failures, massive power outages, and cyber-attacks is a bit challenging. But our professionals are specialized in disaster recovery and business continuity solutions that minimize downtime and the impact on your employees, your customers, your partners, and your business. We provide reliability, redundancy, and resiliency to your IT and cloud infrastructure to keep your business running. Our Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity Services include data, application, and workspace recovery solutions designed to meet the needs of your business.



What does Elastic BeanStalk do and why we use it?


Applications deployed in the cloud need memory, computing power and an operating system to run. making and administering these things will take loads of work and maintenance. AWS Elastic Beanstalk will take loads of the setup estimate of development/deployment and may save developers and companies time and trouble. AWS Elastic stem is an orchestration service that abstracts away a number of these hardware resources and details (e.g. putting in place AWS components), whereas still permitting the developer a variety of decisions once it involves OS and programing language.
AWS Elastic stem supports multiple languages, which, includes, however, isn’t restricted to, Java, PHP, .NET and docker. AWS Elastic stem provides tools to alter background tasks. Elastic stem employs motorcar Scaling and Elastic Load leveling to scale and balance workloads. It provides tools within the sort of Amazon CloudWatch to watch the health of deployed applications. It additionally provides capability provisioning because of its reliance on AWS S3 and EC2. The AWS management console provides the choice of exploitation the stem API or statement Interface and has multiple Toolkits and SDKs for development. This creates a formidable and reliable infrastructure for the preparation of cloud applications.

AWS Elastic stem actively separates the cloud from local systems so as to produce additional security. HTTPS endpoints are used for access to services and modify coding across accounts and also the use of AWS consoles is restricted to people with the credentials. in addition, a zone (Dematerialized Zone) is found out with the assistance of Amazon Virtual personal Cloud by the developer in order that a personal subnet is formed for AWS resources for a lot of security. Access is restricted to read-only for a few users with the assistance of Identity and Access Management. Deployed subnets show au courant the dashboard as below:

Like most AWS services, AWS offers multiple regions wherever their servers are present.

Load leveling is employed to produce resources in cases wherever there are multiple instances that require to be run at a constant time. this is often necessary to produce the requisite resources to every instance and helps Amazon motorcar Scaling to optimize the way during which the applying scales.

Beanstalk is used aboard the Amazon S3. This provision is beneficial in cases the applying is a gift within the cloud already in an S3 bucket, and may be known as by its address.

An alternative to the AWS stem is that the AWS CloudFormation. This service provides a bunch of abstraction techniques whose focus is focused on the event of the applying instead of however resources is handled.


CloudFormation could be an easy resource handler which will manage multiple beanstalk environments, similarly as alternative AWS resources at the constant time. each has its own uses. whereas beanstalk provides easy use, CloudFormation provides larger management over resources one will deploy.


Many developers need to avoid the hassle of dealing with deep background details of the infrastructure. Elastic stem provides a simple surrounding during which they can develop and deploy their applications whereas holding stem handles a lot of the nitty-gritty details.
Our Company is committed to offering Amazon Web Services. Our team utilizes Amazon web hosting services to provide a comprehensive and complete web solution for all your business needs. We support 24×7 security monitoring and Protect web applications from attacks

 cloud security service

The headlines are a constant reminder of the riotous (or calamitous) impact on a business within the wake of a breach. several of 2017’s most high-profile breaches were a reminder of the vulnerabilities which will come from each within and outside your organization.

While there’s no single solution to prevent every attack, proactively building a cloud security awareness throughout the organization is that the first line of defense for blocking the malicious activity that often precedes a breach.
Cloud security in 2018

Here are four practices that ought to be driving your security strategy in 2018:
Understand your security responsibility
Make sure your team’s’ cloud security skills are up to the challenge
Implement security at each level of deployment
Build a security-first culture

1. understand your security responsibility

In the cloud, the whole security framework operates below a shared responsibility model between provider and customer. For this model to be effective, a transparent understanding of every side’s roles and responsibilities is an important start line.

From an infrastructure perspective, the cloud service provider is accountable for ensuring sufficient levels of physical security at their data centers. The service provider manages security throughout their entire global infrastructure, from their physical presence to the underlying foundational resources that provide compute, storage, database, and network services. Together, these features offer a secure cloud environment.

Customers WHO import data and utilize the provider’s services are accountable for using those services and features provided to design and implement their own security mechanisms. this may embrace access management, firewalls (both at the instance and network levels), encryption, work and observance, and more.
AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud have all adopted a shared responsibility model. Check your service level agreements with every provider to totally perceive the obligations on each side.

2. make sure your team’s’ cloud security skills are up to the challenge

According to McAfee, three hundred and sixty-five days of organizations are adopting cloud even while admitting the right security skills aren’t in place.

36% of organizations are adopting cloud even whereas admitting the correct security skills aren’t in place.
In 2017, millions of client records and alternative sensitive data were exposed as results of human error and poorly designed security settings in services like Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3). Researchers at Redrock found that four-hundredth of organizations using cloud storage have accidentally exposed one or a lot of those services to the general public. Hackers and alternative dangerous actors are absolutely responsive to human unreliableness, and that they are absolutely positioned to use security vulnerabilities once a business takes shortcuts.

In these instances, it’s not a failure of technology, however a lack of understanding about the importance of security and a lack of skills that put your business at risk.

Just as business pressures impact the rush to migrate in the initial place, the pace and volume of new services and updates released by the leading public cloud vendors make it challenging for teams to stay up. Cloud providers are fast to develop and release innovative technologies to keep cloud data and applications secure. for example, AWS GuardDuty, released in November, is basically an intelligent threat detection service, and also the initial that uses artificial intelligence and machine learning to detect suspicious activity.

It is crucial for firms to take a position the time and resources needed to train your internal cloud teams to properly and effectively style safe, secure, auditable and traceable cloud solutions that conjointly meet the stress of your business.

3.Implement security at every level of deployment

Your infrastructure is only as secure as its weakest link. Threats are not limited to external sources. Your teams should be ready to correctly creator against risks from non-malicious internal breaches or loopholes in user privileges to the most refined attacks, and everything in between.
By implementing security measures at each layer of your deployments, you’re minimizing the attack expanse of your infrastructure.

Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform provide a range of services and tools that your teams will use to style, implement, and creator the proper level of security to protect your data and applications within the cloud. Your teams ought to have a full understanding of the managed security services offered by your cloud service supplier, likewise because of the information and skills to the creator the relevant safeguards at intervals their several components of the event and readying lifecycle.

4.Build a security-first culture

Cloud adoption impacts your entire business, from technical changes at the infrastructure level to cultural changes that bit all levels and teams of employees. Therefore, security should be a part of your business strategy, and it should be bolstered from the terribly prime of your organization.

Without an understanding of the impact of security at each layer of readying, best practices are often overlooked, mistakes will occur, shortcuts could also be taken, and vulnerabilities are going to be quietly designed into solutions. Building a security-first culture can make sure that security is at the forefront of all corresponding methodologies, practices, processes, and procedures.

By provision a ‘security-first’ directive and backing it up with action across all areas of the business, your organization can a lot of with confidence operate within the cloud.

Maintain the integrity of your IT computing assets with our innovative cloud security services. We provide cloud-based protection for your applications, data, and mobile to defend your business infrastructure.


The Exponential Growth in the Cloud Service Solutions


The cloud isn’t a personal private space any longer. Enterprises have accepted that this future service isn’t a tool any longer. The cloud has evolved within the last 5 years starting from private storage to being a computing center for an organization. Executives area unit finding new simple ways in which to use cloud services to realize their desired goals. comparing Statistics, around 1.6 ZB of traditional data center traffic was reported in 2013 which rose six|to six.5 ZB as cloud data traffic in 2018. Businesses that work with such big data can use this inflated space to store large data sets, analyze them, and collect valuable insights into systems, investments, and client behavior. IoT has been one of the biggest impediments to cloud computing. Microsoft, Amazon, and Google are the current leaders within the terminology of cloud computing. moreover, The SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS can increase the number of cloud solutions. By 2020, the default means for business are cloud service. Organizations can take continuous advantage of cloud services to tackle their daily diverse array of business problems.

The Money talk

Forrester, associate American technology marketing research company foretold a big rate of growth in cloud services from the year 2015 to the year 2020. the rise is predicted to be at 22 % CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) between these 5 years. to boot, the general public cloud platforms and business services can reach $236 billion by 2020. atomic number 14 Angle, a contemporary data-driven digital media platform has foretold that the cloud payment can reach sixteen % CAGR by 2020. The International information Corporation ascertained a rise at four.5x in cloud information within the year 2009 and foretold it to grow at 6x through 2020. Last, the greenbacks spent thereon software and services can reach 547 billion within the year 2018. U.S. business spends quite $13 billion on cloud computing and services in 2014 and post-2015 showed finish users were payment around $180 billion on cloud services.

The “As a service” Formula

SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS can play a crucial role in the growth of cloud solutions. SaaS (Software as a Service) allows a user to use the package as a service sometimes on a subscription basis. This service eradicates the requirement to possess and support a high-end hardware system. The Brian and Company have foretold the rise within the growth of SaaS to succeed in eighteen % CAGR by 2020.

PaaS (Platform as a Service) delivers hardware and package tools needed for application development. it’s expected to rise from 32 % to 56% within the year 2017 and 2020 severally.

IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) provides virtualized computing resources over the net is predicted to succeed in $17.5 billion as foretold by Statista.

Amazon’s, AWS (Amazon net Services), Microsoft Azure, and Google’s GCE (Google Compute Engine) area unit presently the leaders in cloud solution suppliers.

Basic Reason- It’s inexpensive

It will be the same that the cloud services don’t follow the rule of offer and demand. This cloud answer has each offer and demand in high demand, some even providing cloud solutions free. the dearth of on-primes infrastructure removes associated value and truly saves plenty of cash within the end of the day. Currently, a price battle will be seen within the cloud market wherever the Amazon and Microsoft area unit fighting to dominate the market by providing the most cost-effective cloud services.

Spark Generated by the Revolutionized net

The main notion to store information online is sparked by the high-speed net. These each attribute i.e. net and cloud, reciprocally provide service to every different; one turning into the supply of knowledge and therefore the other the destination. to boot, with computer science live, the continual innovation in a period of time information analytics and cloud computing is pushing the net to rise any within the forthcoming years. shoppers ought to expect the quicker and higher net affiliation from ISPs to store and generate an enormous quantity of knowledge. moreover, the IoT and IoE industries are able to receive and deliver information in real time by exploitation this quick networks.

Advancements in Privacy and Security

Security has perpetually been a difficulty with the technology. WannaCry, ransomware, and CIA vault seven have already created their name within the list of dangerous cyber-attacks from 2017. These breaches have created enterprises to create security and privacy their prime priority. within the future, cloud infrastructure can see additional individual and sponsored attacks undermining its security. IRTC (Identity stealing Resource Centre) rumored that cyber breaches have inflated at the speed of 37 % from 2016. GARTNER is calculable that the protection division goes to succeed in $93 billion in 2018 from 2017’s $86 billion. IDC researched identical and foretold the range to succeed in $101 billion through 2020. the govt, public, and personal sectors got to become additionally refined within the hindrance of those attacks. business giants like Microsoft and Google area unit already invested heavily in tools which are able to reinforce improved privacy and security in cloud solutions. Prediction can even be created within the rise of hybrid cloud answer combining on-premise public and personal infrastructure adding layers of knowledge protection.


Common AWS security Threats and How to mitigate them


AWS security best practices are crucial in age once AWS dominates the cloud computing market. though moving workloads to the cloud will create them easier to deploy and manage, you’ll shoot yourself within the foot if you don’t secure cloud workloads well.

Toward that end, this article outlines common AWS configuration mistakes that might cause security vulnerabilities, then discusses strategies for addressing them.

IAM Access
The biggest threat that any AWS client can face is user access management, that in AWS-speak is thought as Identity and Access Management‎ (IAM). after you sign up for a spick-and-span AWS account, you’re taken through steps that may alter you to grant privileged access to folks in your company. once the incorrect access management is given to someone that basically doesn’t need it, things will go really downhill. this is often what happened with GitLab, once their production database was partly deleted by mistake!


Fortunately, IAM access threats can be controlled while not too much effort. one amongst the most effective ways that to travel concerning rising IAM security is to create positive you’re educated concerning however AWS IAM works and the way you’ll profit of it. When making new identities and access policies for your company, grant the lowest set of privileges that everybody desires. confirm you get the policies approved by your peers and allow them to the reason why one would want a selected level of access to your AWS account. And once fully required, offer temporary access to urge the job done. Granting access to somebody doesn’t simply stop with the IAM access management module. you’ll profit off the VPC ways that permit directors to make isolated networks that connect with just some of your instances. This way, you’ll have staging, testing, and production instances.

Loose Security group Policies
Administrators typically produce loose security group policies that expose loopholes to attackers. they are doing this because group policies are simpler than setting granular permissions on a per-user basis. Unfortunately, anyone with basic knowledge of AWS security policies will simply profit of permissive group policy settings to exploit AWS resources. They leave your AWS-hosted workloads at risk of being exploited by bots (which account for a few thirds of the visitors to websites, in line with net security company AltF9 Technology Solutions). These bots are remote-controlled scripts that run on the net searching for basic security flaws, and misconfigured security teams on AWS servers that leave unwanted ports open are one thing they give the impression of being for.


The easiest thanks to mitigate this issue is to possess all the ports closed at the start of your account setup. One technique of doing this is often to create positive you permit solely your IP address to attach to your servers. you’ll try this whereas fitting your security teams for your instances, to permit traffic solely to your specific IP address instead of to possess it open like:

Above all, ensuring you name your security cluster once operating in groups is usually an honest apply. Names that area unit confusing for groups to grasp is additionally a risk.

It’s additionally an honest plan to make individual security teams for your instances. this enables you to handle all of your instances on an individual basis throughout a threat. Separate security teams permit you to open or shut ports for every machine, while not having to rely upon alternative machines’ policies.

Amazon’s documentation on Security teams will auto sist you get tighter on your security measures.

Protecting Your S3 knowledge
One of the largest knowledge leaks from Verizon happened not owing to a bunch of hackers making an attempt to interrupt their system, however from a straightforward misconfiguration in their AWS S3 storage bucket that contained a policy that permits anyone to browse info from the bucket. This misconfiguration affected anyplace between six million and fourteen million Verizon customers. this is often a disaster for any business. Accidental S3 knowledge exposure isn’t the sole risk. A report discharged by Detectify identifies a vulnerability in AWS servers that permits hackers to spot the name of the S3 buckets. victimization this info, associate degree offender will begin reproof Amazon’s API. Done properly, attackers will then browse, write associate degreed update an S3 bucket while not the bucket owner ever noticing.


According to Amazon, this is often not really associate degree S3 bug. It’s merely an aspect impact of misconfiguring S3 access policies. this suggests that as long as you educate yourself concerning S3 configuration, and avoid careless exposure of S3 knowledge to the general public, you’ll avoid the S3 security risks represented higher than.

Given AWS’s hefty market share, there’s an honest likelihood that you simply can deploy workloads on AWS within the future, if you are doing not already. The configuration mistakes represented higher than which will cause AWS security problems area unit simple to create. as luck would have it, they’re additionally simple to avoid, as long as you educate yourself. None of those security vulnerabilities involve refined attacks; they center on basic AWS configuration risks, which may be avoided by following best practices for making certain that AWS knowledge and access controls are secured.


How AWS WAF and Shield protects from web application exploits and DDos attack

 During the initial years of cloud adoption, security was one in every one of the top considerations. Organizations worried about, however, their data was secured in others’ data centers, and whether or not cloud providers would ensure their information wasn’t exposed. Cloud providers worked very hard to address these issues, obtaining a number of industry certifications that proved they were fully secured and following the required processes.

As a result, when organizations did switch to the cloud, they were able to leverage its benefits — IaaS, agility, durability, no CAPEX investment, and pay-per-use pricing — to scale up their businesses.

However, cloud adoption also gave attackers and hackers a brand new way to launch layer three, layer 4, layer 7, and mass DDoS attacks against the environment. Today, these attacks are testing the boundaries of cloud providers and also the ability of applications to handle such events. In response, cloud providers are incessantly investment in building new services and options which will block the malicious traffic at the perimeter level. To manage application web security and defend applications from malicious requests, Amazon has free 2 services — AWS net Application Firewall (AWS WAF) and AWS Shield — with the aim of mitigating net and DDoS attacks.

AWS WAF Capabilities
AWS WAF was launched in late 2015 with the goals of adding an extra layer of security protection to client environments and improving applications’ convenience by protective them from common web exploit attacks. AWS WAF will solely be used for environments hosted on AWS. It helps customers defend their environments from SQL injection attacks, cross-site scripting attacks, and it filters requests based on URI, IP addresses, HTTP headers, and HTTP body.

AWS WAF was at first supposed to be used with Amazon CloudFront and was later extended to Application Load Balancers. It permits organizations to make custom web access management lists (web ACLs) which will comprise conditions to examine the traffic — which then becomes the rules. Against every rule, there’s a corresponding action (allow, block, or count). The count mode will facilitate organizations to observe the pattern and choose whether or not a selected rule ought to be utilized in enable or block mode.

One of the purest examples of this can be the rate-limiting feature. With this feature, if their area unit quite 2,000 requests received from associate IP during a five-minute amount, the information processing address is mechanically blocked. Another example is that the URI-based exploits performed by hackers. several attackers attempt to exploit WordPress vulnerabilities by causation brute-force login requests to the /wp-login.php page. They additionally attempt to exploit PHPMyAdmin vulnerabilities by causation requests to the /phpmyadmin/index.php URI. For non-WordPress or non-phpMyAdmin users, these styles of requests are a waste of resources and find yourself with 404 errors within the logs. However, the danger will increase once an internet application receives giant volumes of such requests, caused by associate assaulter making an attempt out the random URIs and making an attempt to consume the calculate resources. This creates denial-of-service attacks.

AWS shield Capabilities
Due to the simplicity and cost-effectiveness of the managed AWS WAF service, it’s been widely adopted by AWS consumers. To expand security capabilities any, AWS launched AWS shield, a managed DDoS service that protects customers’ applications from denial-of-service attacks. AWS shield was launched with 2 modes: customary and Advanced.

AWS shield standard
AWS shield standard works at the transport layer, providing fast detection and inline attack mitigation. it’s free-of-charge for AWS customers.

Quick detection: continuously monitors the network flow and identifies malicious traffic in real time by analyzing traffic signatures, anomaly algorithms, and different techniques.
Inline attack mitigation: Focuses on many techniques, like settled packet filtering and priority-based traffic shaping, to mechanically mitigate attacks while not impact on applications.
AWS shield Advanced
AWS shield Advanced provides key options like increased detection, advanced attack mitigation, attack notification, and DDoS price protection — in addition to the AWS shield customary capabilities. in contrast, to shield customary, it’s not free; customers should sign a 1-year commitment to pay each a set monthly fee and usage fees. It offers:

Enhanced detection: allows users to monitor network logs and alter enhanced monitoring at the applying layer by acting integration with AWS Load Balancers, Amazon CloudFront, Amazon Route fifty-three, and Amazon EC2. Organizations will enable AWS WAF rules at the applying Load Balancer or CloudFront layer to provide a lot of DDoS protection, supported the customs rules.
Advanced attack mitigation: Provides automatic DDoS mitigations to applications by provisioning necessary infrastructure capability to handle massive DDoS attacks. The application-layer attacks will be lessened by leverage AWS WAF. AWS shield Advanced grants customers access to a 24/7 DDoS response team (DRT). If needed, DRT applies manual mitigations to tackle such attacks.
Attack notification: Provides visibility and notifications for transport and application-layer attacks (not on the market in AWS shield Standard).
DDoS price protection: this can be important for patrons stricken by DDoS attacks. AWS provides credits for the DDoS scaling charges.
Are AWS WAF and AWS shield Enough?
Many organizations still have this question: will AWS WAF and AWS shield sufficiently protect their applications from web exploits and DDoS attacks? this relies on the character of the applying and also the criticality of the workloads hosted on the cloud. whereas each service gives multiple ways in which to mitigate these challenges, they still lack some important capabilities. The key gaps area unit as follows.

Outdated Rules
Organizations would like security-focused personnel WHO regularly leverage log analysis tools, examine traffic request patterns, determine new sets of rules (or needed modifications to existing rules), check those rules, and implement them as AWS WAF rules. this can be clearly an advanced and long method, that should be followed on a daily basis and lacks period motor vehicle change. It puts the environment in danger because the rules aren’t mechanically tuned to this pattern.

Lack of Visibility
AWS WAF solely retains traffic patterns for the last 5 minutes and it doesn’t give historical info which may be utilized by security teams. Also, the visualizations aren’t made enough, and adding to the employment for security groups. Trained personnel should perpetually analyze load balancer and AWS WAF logs to make your mind up that rules ought to be enabled and if the applied rules area unit adequate.

Possible have to be compelled to Purchase Managed Rules for AWS WAF
As mentioned, it will be troublesome for organizations to make your mind up on the set of rules that ought to be enforced for his or her applications (not simply in step with this pattern, however additionally in step with trade best practices). several security corporations have revealed their Managed Rules for AWS WAF on AWS Marketplace. this enables organizations to directly select the principles package and implement across their environments. The client, however, doesn’t have any visibility on however the principles area unit applied or if there’s a prospect to skip a rule.

A Better solution
Reblaze may be a comprehensive cloud security platform, that converts AWS WAF and AWS defend into a whole network security solution. Reblaze fills the gaps in AWS WAF and AWS Shield:

Fully integrated service. Reblaze may be a cloud SaaS platform, that integrates seamlessly with AWS. It blocks hostile traffic within the cloud before it will reach the protected web assets (customer sites and web applications).
Comprehensive protection. additionally, to a next-generation WAF/IPS and DoS/DDoS protection (both of that transcend the capabilities of AWS WAF and defend, as mentioned below), Reblaze additionally provides advanced larva detection and management, period control, full traffic transparency, and lots of different advantages.
Sophisticated threat detection. Reblaze uses a variable approach to accurately acknowledge attack traffic, employing a type of techniques, together with Application Whitelisting, Behavioral Analysis, Blacklisting, fine-grained ACL capabilities, and more.
Always up-to-date. As a totally managed SaaS platform, Reblaze is maintained remotely by a team of security consultants. it’s continually up-to-date and continually effective.
Machine Learning. Reblaze regularly analyzes world web traffic (currently process over three.5 billion HTTP/s requests per day), to acknowledge new attack patterns as they occur, then directly and mechanically change the safety rules for all Reblaze deployments worldwide. as new net threats arise, Reblaze evolves and hardens itself against them.
Adaptive DoS/DDoS Protection. Reblaze provides full-scope DoS/DDoS protection across all layers. (This even includes the applying layer; Reblaze uses machine learning to spot the distinctive traffic patterns for every application it’s protective.) Legitimate traffic is allowed through, whereas hostile traffic is blocked within the cloud before it has an effect on the network’s incoming net pipe.
Cost and (No) Commitment. For a monthly subscription that’s such as the fee for AWS defend Advanced, Reblaze provides everything that defends Advanced will, and for a lot of. and in contrast, to defend Advanced, there’s no long-run commitment. Reblaze is obtainable on a month-to-month basis and may be deployed with an easy DNS modification. It’s simple and simple to undertake Reblaze.
Security isn’t a product; it’s a method. AWS WAF and AWS defend are smart starting points for users WHO wish to implement security for his or her environments. However, organizations with vital net applications have a lot of intensive security needs than what this merchandise will give. Reblaze offers comprehensive, strong net security during a totally managed, easy-to-use resolution. If you’d prefer to learn a lot of visits to our website https://www.altf9.tech/